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WP Series » WP Series 2013

Garcia-Castro, Roberto and Miguel A. Arino. 2013. "A General Approach to Panel Data Set-Theoretic Research". COMPASSS WP Series 2013-76. Published online 30 December 2013.
Available from: http://www.compasss.org/wpseries/GarciaCastroArino2013.pdf.

Abstract: Management research based on general linear statistical models has been rapidly moving toward a greater and richer use of longitudinal (panel data) econometric methods able to cope with critical issues such as endogeneity and reverse causality. By contrast, set-theoretic empirical research in management, despite its growing diffusion, has been solely focused on cross-sectional analysis to date. This article covers this void in longitudinal set-theoretic research. We provide a general framework in which consistency and coverage can be assessed both cross-sectionally and across time. The suggested approach is based on the distinction between pooled, between and within consistency and coverage, which can be computed using panel data. We use KLD's panel (1991-2005) to illustrate how this approach can be applied in the context of longitudinal research.

Hanley, Séan and Allan Sikk. 2013. "Economy, Corruption or Promiscuous Voters? Explaining the Success of Anti-Establishment Reform Parties in Eastern Europe". COMPASSS WP Series 2013-75. Published online 18 December 2013.
Available from: http://www.compasss.org/wpseries/HanleySikk2013.pdf.

Abstract: We discuss an emerging group of successful parties in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) that combine anti-establishment appeals with support for moderate policies of political and social reform, which we term anti-establishment reform parties (AERPs). Examples include the Simeon II National Movement (Bulgaria), Res Publica (Estonia), New Era (Latvia), Freedom and Solidarity (Slovakia), TOP09 and Public Affairs (Czech Republic) and Positive Slovenia. We carry out a comparative analysis using the Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) technique to identify the conditions under which AERPs made electoral breakthroughs in the period 1997-2013. We identify five sufficient paths for AERP breakthrough representing distinct combinations of several causal conditions: high corruption, rising corruption, rising unemployment, previous success of new parties and the previous success of new parties. We conclude by reviewing the implications of our findings for further research.

Haesebrouck, Tim. 2013. "The Added Value of Multi-Value QCA: Response to Vink & van Vliet and Thiem". COMPASSS WP Series 2013-74. Published online 3 December 2013.
Available from: http://www.compasss.org/wpseries/Haesebrouck2013.pdf.

Abstract: This paper attempts to contribute to the discussion on the added value of mvQCA, which has been the subject of a very thorough debate between Vink and van Vliet (2009, 2013) and Thiem (2013). It argues that both sides largely overlook the most important strength of mvQCA: its ability to capture the impact of other variables on the degree a condition's presence is needed to produce an outcome. After expounding the need to capture this dimension of causal complexity, the paper demonstrates that mvQCA is the only QCA-variant capable of straightforwardly doing so by refuting the five reasons Vink and van Vliet provide to question the method's added value.

Fischer, Manuel. 2013. "Policy Network Structures, Institutional Context, and Policy Change". COMPASSS WP Series 2013-73. Published online 13 May 2013.
Available from: http://www.compasss.org/wpseries/Fischer2013.pdf.

Abstract: This paper studies whether characteristics of policy networks can help us understand policy change. The relation between policy networks and policy outputs is complex. I argue that taking into account the institutional context in which decision-making takes place allows understanding which policy network structures favor major policy change and which ones breed outputs close to the status quo. The study analyzes how conflict, collaboration, and power relations among coalitions of actors matter for the understanding of policy change in an institutional context of a consensus democracy. Empirically, I rely on Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to conduct a cross-sector comparison between the 11 most important political decision-making processes in Switzerland between 2001 and 2006. Coalition structures with low conflict and strong collaboration among coalitions as well as structures with dominant coalitions and weak collaboration both facilitate major policy change. Competing coalitions that are separated by strong conflict but still collaborate strongly produce policy outputs that are close to the status quo.

Borgna, Camilla. 2013. "Fuzzy-Set Coincidence Analysis: The Hidden Asymmetries". COMPASSS WP Series 2013-72. Published online 5 March 2013.
Available from: http://www.compasss.org/wpseries/Borgna2013.pdf.

Abstract: Despite being conceptually and algebraically straightforward, set coincidence has never received great attention within the framework of set-relational research, which has essentially focused on subset/superset relations. In this article, I advance a novel procedure called fuzzy-set coincidence analysis to systematically assess the degree of overlapping of two or multiple sets. Individual-level analyses, and those in social stratification in particular, are deemed to be a fertile field to apply fuzzy-set coincidence analysis. A main comparative advantage with respect to statistical techniques lies in its ability to uncover hidden asymmetrical patterns. This will be shown with an empirical application that explores patterns of overlapping inequalities for students of different migratory status.


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