WP Series » WP Series 2011

Bareis, Luka. 2011. "UN Arms Embargo Violations - It Takes Two to Tango: A QCA Perspective". COMPASSS WP Series 2011-67. Published online 18 November 2011.
Available from: http:\\\wpseries\Bareis2011.pdf.

Abstract: Every UN arms embargo imposed in the last decade has been violated. This means that arms supplier states, among them permanent members of the UN Security Council, have transferred weaponry to the embargoed state. States engage in these activities to enhance their regional power and thereby extend their influence. Past research almost exclusively deals with the recipient side of an embargo violating arms transfer, i.e. the embargoed state. Yet, it is crucial to gain a better understanding of the arms supplier side in order to enhance embargo effectiveness as the responsibility of implementing an arms embargo lies de-facto with potential arms supplier states. This paper conducts a crisp-set analysis (csQCA) to investigate the conditions under which these states present a higher propensity to violate an UN arms embargo. Among the five included conditions, 'low global integration' together with 'high corruption' and 'weak rule of law' appears to be a necessary combination for a violation. Adding the conditions a 'minor state' or a 'non-democratic state' leads to sufficiency. When including residuals for the analysis, rule of law becomes the most important condition in explaining a violation, being alone necessary and sufficient. Implications are discussed.

Baun, Dylan. 2011. "From Social Tension to Protracted Civil Conflict: Using fsQCA to Analyze Conflict in Lebanon". COMPASSS WP Series 2011-66. Published online 28 October 2011.
Available from: http:\\\wpseries\Baun2011.pdf.

Abstract: Since the foundation of conflict studies in Lebanon, scholars have often used ambiguous terms and employed all-inclusive explanations to describe various types of conflict. While their historical analysis has been helpful in understanding case specificities of conflict periods, the scholarship has relied on dichotomous characterizations: i.e., Lebanon was either on the brink of civil war during moments of volatile social tension (ST) or experienced protracted civil conflict (PCC). Furthermore, scholars have yet to test or empirically justify the strength of the conditions or combinations for ST or PCC that they investigate. In order to rectify these issues, this article uses the methods of fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) to solidify conclusions on different conflict dynamics in Lebanon. Most importantly, it demonstrates how to empirically distinguish between cases of conflict along the continuum of ST to PCC in Lebanon over an expansive timeframe (1841-2008). This article contributes to both the fields of fsQCA and conflict studies in the Middle East as it simultaneously extends the application of fsQCA to conflict dynamics in Lebanon, while challenging and elaborating theories on conflict in Lebanon through empirical justifications.

Palm, Trineke. 2011. "Embedded in Social Cleavages: An Explanation of the Variation in Timing of Women's Suffrage". COMPASSS WP Series 2011-65. Published online 27 June 2011.
Available from: http:\\\wpseries\Palm2011.pdf.
NB: Published in Scandinavian Political Studies, see bibliography

Abstract: Under which conditions did introduction of women's suffrage occur before World War I (early), and when only after World War II (late)? This paper analyzes necessary and sufficient conditions for several cleavages to explain both early and late introduction of women's suffrage in 14 Western European countries: the religious, ethnic-linguistic, class and sectoral cleavage. This way the study makes a threefold contribution. First, it tests Stein Rokkan's cleavage theory, which focuses on existing cleavages in society to explain variation in democratization. Second, this study adds a structural dimension to agency-based studies on the role of the women's movement, which helps to explain why some womenÕs movement had a much earlier success than others. Finally, this paper advances the democratization literature that takes the timing of the introduction of manhood suffrage as a proxy for the timing of the introduction of women's suffrage. This proxy is problematic as an early introduction of manhood suffrage does not necessarily mean an early introduction of women's suffrage. Based on fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA), the paper shows that the absence of an ethnic-linguistic cleavage is a necessary condition for an early introduction of women's suffrage. Moreover, the fuzzy-set analysis highlights that 1) the absence of a religious cleavage combined with a class cleavage OR 2) a sectoral cleavage combined with the absence of a class cleavage is sufficient for an early introduction of women's suffrage. Concerning a late introduction of women's suffrage it is 1) the combination of a class cleavage with a religious cleavage OR 2) the presence of an ethnic-linguistic cleavage that prove to be sufficient. Since all 14 countries have high membership in one of these pathways, fsQCA confirms the strong explanatory power of cleavage theory.

Mannewitz, Tom. 2011. "Two-Level Theories in QCA: A Discussion of Schneider and Wagemann's Two-Step Approach". COMPASSS WP Series 2011-64. Published online 20 April 2011.
Available from: http:\\\wpseries\Mannewitz2011.pdf.

Abstract: By the introduction of Qualitative Comparative Analysis Charles C. Ragin offered a middle way between case-oriented, qualitative studies and large-n, quantitative studies. It has enjoyed many improvements, among them Carsten Schneider's and Claudius Wagemann's two-step approach (cf. Schneider and Wagemann 2007; Schneider and Wagemann 2006; Schneider 2009) that can reduce the number of logical remainders, i.e. solve the problem of limited diversity, and make social scientific analyses more informative and hence more fruitful. This article aims at opening the methodologically innovative two-step approach for a broader scientific public: It argues for the use of the approach in every QCA study, i.e. also for the enquiry of necessary conditions, and shows, how this can be achieved. It introduces new classification criteria of conditions (next to remote and proximate ones) and shows how to grasp the contexts after step one in a logically manner - a hitherto unmentioned problem. However, the core point of the paper is the introduction of an application of the approach to Multi Value QCA.

Hudson, John and Stefan Kuehner. 2011. "Analysing the Productive and Protective Dimensions of Welfare: Looking beyond the OECD". COMPASSS WP Series 2011-63. Published online 10 February 2011.
Available from: http:\\\wpseries\HudsonKuehner2011.pdf.

Abstract: Several theorists have argued that social policy in East Asia can be seen as representing a distinctive welfare ideal type based around 'productive welfare'. However, we have contested such claims in earlier work (Hudson and K├╝hner, 2009) and, in common with theorists such as Castells, have suggested that some of the OECD welfare states have a distinct bias towards the 'productive' rather than 'protective' dimensions of welfare. In this paper, we build on our earlier work, utilising fuzzy set ideal type analysis (FSITA) to explore the balance between 'productive' and protective' dimensions of welfare state activity. Here we extend our analysis beyond the OECD, incorporating a range of nations on the 'fringe' of the OECD from Latin America, East Asia and the non-OECD parts of Europe. In so doing, we contest simple notions of welfare regimes aligning with regional blocks. Primarily, however, we highlight the advantages of the 'diversity orientated' approach to data analysis that fuzzy set methods facilitate in comparison with standard quantitative techniques. In particular, we utilize FSITA to avoid data availability and reliability issues that have plagued quantitatively informed classifications of global welfare regimes. Not least, we argue FSITA allows for the contextualisation of cases in a way that is sealed to quantitatively driven, comparative research. Thus, we argue FSITA has an important role to play in attempts to extend the inclusiveness of the 'welfare modelling business' in a manner that reflects diverse and highly significant cases beyond the Western lens that dominates the literature.© - Page last modified 08.05.2012 19:24:53